Budtenders are the face of the cannabis industry. They are the attendants working at your local cannabis retailer who are able to answer questions on products, strains, and effects, and help guide you to the right cannabis choice.
Cannabis is the scientific genus for the hemp plant. It is native to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, but is one of the most widely distributed and manipulated plants in human history. The are three species: Cannabis ruderalis, Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.
Slang Terms: Chronic, Dank, Grass, Hydro (dro), Marijuana, Mary Jane, Mota, Pot, Weed
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in cannabis plants that, in combination with terpenes, are responsible for the plants’ health benefits and effects. While 113 cannabinoids have been identified, three of the most commonly referenced are: cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid found in cannabis, commonly abbreviated as CBD. Because CBD is non-psychotropic, many people prefer strains high in CBD content for the many reported therapeutic and health benefits, which they can benefit from without the feeling of getting ‘high’.
Cannabinol, commonly abbreviated as CBN, is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It is usually found in lower concentrations than CBD or THC.
Hemp is another term for the cannabis plant, but often refers to varieties that have been grown for fiber. It was fashioned into rope as early as 10,000 years ago and has several other industrial uses. It contains very little THC compared to other cannabis varieties, but very high CBD content.
The term hybrid refers to a cannabis strain that is produced by mixing a sativa dominant plant with an indica dominant plant so that the genetics of both may be expressed in the offspring.
Indicas / Cannabis indica
Cannabis indica describes the cannabis species that express a smaller growth pattern than Cannabis sativa with a densely branched stalk that looks bunchy and produces broad leaves. Indica plants tend to have a higher percentage of CBD content and are thought to provide a relaxing body high. Popular indica dominant strains include Kush and Afghani varieties.
Resin is a plant byproduct found. In cannabis the resin is contained by the trichomes and highly concentrated on the buds, making the feel sticky when touched. Cannabis resin is what gives the plant value since it contains all the active terpenes and cannabinoids for the desired effects.
Ruderalis / Cannabis ruderalis
Cannabis ruderalis tends to have lower THC content than the indica and sativa varieties, but can be bred for high content CBD genetics. It is an ‘autoflowering’ variety, in which flowering is brought on by age and not light cycles.
Cannabis strains are hybrid or pure varieties of the three cannabis species: cannabis indica, cannabis ruderalis, and cannabis sativa.
Sativa / Cannabis sativa
Cannabis sativa describes the cannabis varieties that tend to grow taller than the indica varieties and express narrow leaves with longer buds and flowers. Sativa strains take a longer time to grow and mature into a flowering plant. Sativa plants tend to have higher THC content and can provide a more focused and energized experience. Sativa strains frequently originate in warmer tropical climates, like Thailand.
Terpenes are molecule compounds found in the essential oils of plants, and are responsible for giving the buds their aromas. In cannabis plants, the terpenes are found in the resin of the trichomes. Each cannabis strain has a unique set of terpene compounds and concentrations that, when combined with the unique cannabinoid concentrations, produce the variety of effects across the cannabis genus.
Tetrahydrocannabinoil, commonly abbreviated as THC, is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis.
Trichome means ‘growth of hair’ in Greek. Trichomes are often described as crystals on the cannabis plant, but they are neither hair nor crystal. They are glands which produce the resin containing the active cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant. Under a microscope, good quality trichomes look like little clear mushrooms with the heads intact.